International Code of Oenological Practices

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Basic definition

I.4.1 Basic définition

Special wines are wines coming from fresh grapes, from musts or wines which have undergone certain treatments during or after their production and whose characteristics come not only from the grape itself, but also from the production technique used.

Special wines include[1]:

  • Flor or film wines,
  • Liqueur wines,
  • Sparkling wines,
  • Carbonated wines
  • Sweet wines with residual sugar derived from grapes
  • Icewine - eiswein

[1] List not restrictive